The second most ancient of Sri Lanka's kingdoms, Polonnaruwa was
first established by the Chola dynasty after their successful invasion of the
country's then capital, Anuradhapura, in the 10th century. The Ancient City
of Polonnaruwa has been declared a World Heritage Site. The Kingdom of Polonnaruwa was abandoned in the 14th century, and the
seat of government for the Sinhalese kings was moved
to Dambadeniya. Although many factors contributed to this, the leading
cause of the abandonment of Polonnaruwa was its susceptibility to invasions
from south India.
The best attractions in Polonnaruwa Minneriya National park, Gal vihara, Prakarama Samudra, Polonnaruwa vatadage, Tupa raama, Kumara pokuna, Archeological museum.
Polonnaruwa is one of the most popular attractions in Sri Lanka not only for tourists from across the globe but for the locals as well. Polonnaruwa has a tropical climate with humidity levels at 80% for the most part of the year, making the temperature hot with a good chance of rainfall at least 6 months in the year. In comparison to the rest of the world, Polonnaruwa's listed at 17% for pleasant weather.
The mid part of the year in Polonnaruwa is pretty hot with 0-3 days of rain in a month, making May-July the warmest period, with an average temperature of 35 C in the day in early parts of April, and the night temperature at 24 C. The best time to visit Polonnaruwa is July, August and then January, with less or no tourist traffic in March. The dry period in Polonnaruwa being May-September is often overcast from June-August, and with maximum rainfall between October & December